Table of Contents
Table of Contens......................................................................................iii
Introduction and Background of the story.........................1
Significance of the Study..................................................3
Scope and Limitations......................................................5
You learn to speak by speaking, to study by studying, to run by running, to work by working; in just the same way, you learn to love by loving.
I would like to express my sincerest thanks to those special persons who made my life so meaningful.
I owe my deepest gratitude to my parents for all of their support and sacrifices that they made for me and for providing everything I need.
To Sir JP Valeza, he tried and tried to teach us until we understand what we supposed to do with the project work.
To all of my friends, for the kindness, trust, for guiding me
when I am wrong and lots of all the enjoyment you gave to me.
And lastly to Almighty God who gave me everything I
have now and for giving me peace of mind in making this work.
Lord, teach me to think before doing things.
Introduction and Background of the Study
Learning and teaching grammar is an important aspect of language learning. It is not enough to know how to translate words into different languages. One of the aims of language learning is to help students learn effective communication, thus learning the correct grammar is essential. As noted by many grammarians, studying a second language primarily consisted of grammatical analysis and translation of written forms. Developed for analysis of Greek and Latin, this approach divided the target language into eight parts of speech: nouns, verbs, participles, articles, pronouns, prepositions, adverbs and conjunctions. Learning the language required study of the eight categories in written text and the development of rules for their use in translation.
However, when 18th century grammarians moved beyond the Greek and Roman classics and began the study of English, again using the eight categories to generate grammar rules, it became clear that the parts of speech could not be used as effectively to analyze a language in which word order and syntax produced grammatical function and where rules often had multiple exceptions. Nonetheless, this traditional approach remained the basis of instructional pedagogy in the United States and England until recently (Howatt, 1984), and is still being used in a number of countries as the primary method of English instruction. This is particularly true for many English as foreign language (EFL) classrooms, where English is learned mainly through translation into the native language and memorization of grammar rules and vocabulary.
Today, grammarians have been able to use modern pedagogical grammars for teaching and learning. Pedagogical grammars generally describe the full structural complexity of any given unit (Swan, 1995), but significant differences may emerge in the distribution of potential elements in actual discourse.
As mentioned, one of the defining characteristics of a modern pedagogical grammar is that it provides descriptive information which is
helpful for learners of the language. With this definition, this paper will try to compare the helpfulness of two pedagogical grammars by describing the features of transitivity of verbs and passive voice. However, with the emergence of the jejemon languages, educational authorities are trying to convey its effect on the students.
According to UrbanDictionary.Com, it is anyone with a low tolerance for correct punctuation, syntax and grammar. This definition is limited to the linguistic style of Jejemons. But in reality, Jejemon is a new breed of hipsters who have developed not only their own language and written text but also their own sub-culture and fashion.
For brevity, I will limit this article to Jejemon language, which for lack of grammatical canon on how to call it, I will call it the Jejenese and their alphabet, Jejebet.
The Jejenese is not just confined to Pinoy Jejemons. Just before I wrote this, I played Warcraft and found a European opponent who enjoys typing jejejeje in a very wide context, much to my disdain as he sabotages my online quests. Another group of foreign Jejemons, although their Jejemonism seems so trivial to actually classify them as Jejemons, are the Thais who type hahaha this way: 5555. You will see a lot of these in your Thai friends Facebook status messages. Since, the number 5 translates to ha in Thai, as explained by my friend Pakorn Dokmai. Im sure many of you have personal encounters with other foreign Jejemons, be in Manila or abroad. So we can assume that Jejemon is a worldwide phenomenon.
Text messaging is the first ever evidence that the Jejemons are not just fictional creatures; they really emerge. They have a set of eyes (and obviously the time) that can easily decipher the word hidden in jumbled letters, alternating capitalization, over-usage of the letters H, X or Z and mixture of numeric characters and our normal alphabet. To be able to understand Jejenese or to Jejetype is definitely a skill.
In a commentary, Intellectualizing a Language, by Dr. Ricardo Ma. Nolasco published on June 13, 2009, in the Philippine Daily Inquirer, he said that: We will never be able to develop our languages for higher thinking unless we begin basic literacy and education in them. With the prevalence of Jejemon, will the long process of intellectualization of our Filipino language be held back? I believe that the answer depends on ones lenience with the Jejemons. Just as whether or not the Jejenese and the Jejebet wreak havoc on major languages depends on how one perceives Jejemonism.
The Jejemons find their place in their world by finding a clan, or a regular group of people they text and talk with in Jejenese. Regardless of whether they know each other or not, they will talk to other members of these clans and even meet up with them in Jejelands (frequent hang-outs).
Significance of the Study
A Jejemon is basically a variation of homo sapiens sub-species Jeje that originates in the Asia-Pacific island nation the Philippines. Jejes on the other hand are of the pure and original form and is claimed to have originated in what we know today as Latin America. This post will discuss the Jejemon strain of the Jejes.
Jejemons (Jejemonus Filiponensis) are creatures of the night. Their activity period
ranges from 8pm to 4am local time. They have been discovered by the world-renowned
Filipino adventurer Juan dela Cruz in the early start of the millennium.
It is said that Jejemons are often seen clustering around social networking sites such as Facebook and Friendster. They are also spotted in massive numbers in television chat rooms albeit they were just starting to flourish at the time of Juan dela Cruz's discovery of them. To date, there is an estimated 7.4 million Jejemons thriving in the Philippines. They have since started booming proportionally with the fast global progress of technology.
It is difficult to distinguish Jejemons from normal human beings solely by physical
appearance. They look like human beings, they eat like human beings, they dress like
human beings. A Jejemon can only be distinguished by their writing language, the jejebet. The jejebet is a combination of the English alphabet and counting numbers which, in a strange mix of character substitution, surprisingly makes words that are understandable only to the Jejes and Jejeologists (normal people that study Jejemons).
Jejemons are generally thought to have very low IQs, although this claim still
remains unproven. This might be due to the failure of the jejebrain to produce and terminate brain cells than that of the normal rate of average human beings. Extreme head heat (which have been thought to decrease brain size) while wearing gangsta caps and gangsta shirts and 24/7 beer diets have been also attributed for the jejemons' low IQ levels.
Below are some of the basic Jejemon words (Warning: May cause severe headache if you try too hard to understand. Patience and comprehension is required):
aQcKuHh - means me/ako
lAbqCkyOuHh - means I love you
yuHh - means you
jAjaJa - garbled words conveying laughter
jeJejE - a variation of jAjaJa; conveys sly laughter
iMiszqcKyuH - means I miss you
eEoW pFhUeEhsxz - means hi/hello
The main media used by jejemons are both basic and advanced cellphone units,
television units and personal computer units.
Just a couple of years ago, Jejemons have started "evolving" their eye color (from the original brown to blue or purple or pink) through their extensive knowledge of Adobe Photoshop and various internet programs. This behaviour is proof that they are indeed capable of higher intelligence, an action previously thought of as impossible by many jejeientists (normal people that study jeje sciences).
Normal people have since started to act to eradicate the thriving jejemon population. These normal people identify themselves as Grammar Nazis and/or Jejebusters (started appearing 2 years after the Great Jejemon Infestation; also known as the GJI of 2001). They actively seek and hunt jejemon communities with only one purpose: to eliminate. Their preferred weapon is the MG13-liLipAdkaAyUohH grammar gun and the BZ-aRayqcKuoHh rocket-propelled paragraph grenade. It is manufactured and supplied by an unidentified grammar armaments specialty group in an undisclosed location in the Philippines. Their equipment is mainly made of S-grade Manila Bulletin Newspaper vests which boasts impressive proper grammar. "Extream Panda" is currently the Grammar Nazi's mascot.
Recently the Philippine Government, spearheaded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, has moved to the decision considering jejemons a threat to society and its normal living conditions. With the upcoming elections nearing, presidential aspirants and political parties here and there have been vowing to halt the ferocious growth of the jejemons. One well-known aspirant, Gilberto Teodoro Jr. has promised to push forward the JSE (Jejemon Specialty Education) into law if voted for president.
Teodoro was one of the first to recognize the perils of Jejenism (the Jejemon religion; not to be confused with Jejemonism, the belief that Jejemons are superior than normal people) and its undue but very influential teachings. Jejeientists, Jejeologists, Jejebusters and Grammar Nazis have expressed their delight and have stated that they are more than ready to participate in this historic undertaking by stopping Jejemons from learning the Jejenese language (speaking language of Jejemons together with the Jejebet; has been recently discovered by Jejeientist Ranzkiedoodles during her gruelling sojourn at Jejeland) and instead teaching them the normal speaking languages of Filipino and English.
Urban dictionary says:
1) Usually seen around social networking sites such as Friendster and Multiply, jejemons are individuals with low IQs who spread around their idiocy on the web by tYpFing LyK diZS jejejeje, making all people viewing their profile raise their eyebrows out of annoyance. Normal people like you and me must take a Bachelor of Arts in Jejetyping in order to understand said individuals, as deciphering their text would cause a lot of frustration and hair pulling.
2) Jejemons are not just confined to trying-hard Filipino gangsters and emos. A Jejemon can also include a variety of Latino-Hispanic fags who enjoy typing "jejejejeje" in a wider context,
much to the disdain of their opponents in an internet MMORPG game such as Ragnarok and DOTA.
3) Basically anyone with a low tolerance in correct punctuation, syntax and grammar. Jejemons are usually hated or hunted down by Jejebusters or the grammar nazi to eradicate their grammatical ways.
Scope and Limitations
The phenomenon has triggered enormous social debate, with the government declaring an "all out war" against the cyber-dialect, called 'jejemon', but the Catholic Church defending it as a form of free expression.
The word 'jejemon' is derived from 'jeje' as a substitute for 'hehe' the SMS term for laughter and then affixing it with 'mon' taken from the popular Japanese anime of cute trainable monsters called "Pokemon."
Education Secretary Mona Valisno believes it could blunt the Philippines' edge in English proficiency, which has long helped the impoverished country attract foreign investment and sustain its lucrative outsourcing industry.
"Texting or using wrong English and wrong spelling could be very bad," Valisno told reporters recently as she declared her war on jejemon, urging teachers and parents to encourage the nation's youth to use correct English.
"What I am concerned about is the right construction, grammar. This is for their own improvement, for them to be able to land good jobs in the future."
Jejemon emerged over the past year as young people tried to shorten text messages on mobile phones, language experts say.
It then morphed into a unique language that spawned new words and phrases by deliberately stringing together mis-spelled words without syntax and liberally sprinkling them with punctuation marks. And the initial idea of tighter texting got lost as many "words" became longer than the originals.
Instead of spelling "hello" for example, jejemon users spell it as "HeLouWH" or "Eowwwh", while the expression "oh, please" becomes "eoowHh. puhLeaZZ." Or, throwing a bit of the local language Tagalog into the mix, you can tell your significant other "lAbqCkyOuHh" [I love you] or "iMiszqcKyuH" [I miss you], and convey that you're happy by texting "jAjaja" or "jeJejE."
There are however no hard and fast rules in the constantly evolving jejemon, which perhaps adds to its appeal for teens and the bewilderment of adults.
The jejemon craze quickly spread among the country's more than 50 million mobile phone subscribers, who send a world-leading average of up to 12 text messages each every day, according to industry and government figures.
It then found its way among Filipinos in social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter.
For Manila high school student Laudemer Pojas, jejemon is an important part of his lifestyle that allows him to talk with friends using coded messages beyond the grasp of his strict parents.
"I am a jejemon addict," said the portly 17-year-old Pojas. "I don't know what the big fuss is all about. It's orig [unique] to people my age, like street lingo but on the net and texting.
"It's also easier to do and can't be read by my parents who check my mobile phone from time to time."He said he met many new friends on Facebook after he joined a site defending jejemon from the "jejebusters" or those who hate the language.
Gary Mariano, a professor at Manila's De La Salle University and an expert in new media, said he had mixed feelings about jejemon."I'm torn between efficiency and formal correctness," Mariano said, pointing out jejemon was borne out of people simply adapting to a digital lifestyle.
"I require my students to use formal language in school papers, but when it comes to ordinary e-mails or text messages, I can be more tolerant.
"There should be no shame in using shortcuts in Internet language, but for the young ones who have not been exposed to proper English, then jejemon will not give them that foundation."
He noted that languages had always evolved, with many of the world's tongues constantly borrowing from one another.
"Even in modern English, there is still a debate on which is better, the one spoken by the British or the Americans," he said. "The history of language has been full of transitions."
Mariano said he used jejemon, albeit sparingly, and that he knew of many English grammar teachers who had taken to it.
English was first introduced to the archipelago more than a century ago when the United States brought in teachers to tutor the locals at the end of its war with Spain in 1898.
By the time full independence was gained in the mid-1940s, English was so widely spoken it subsequently became the medium of instruction in all schools and the unofficial second language next to Filipino.
But educators in recent years have lamented that spoken and written English appears to have deteriorated among the more than 90 million Filipinos.
One key indicator is that outsourcing firms that once relied on the pool of American-sounding Filipinos have recently reported a drop in recruitment.
This has forced the government to allocate more funds to upgrade English proficiency skills among teachers which education secretary Valisno warned would be imperiled if the jejemon phenomenon was not stopped.
However, jejemon advocates have found an unlikely ally in the influential Roman Catholic Church, whose position on key social issues shapes public opinion. It said jejemon was a form of free expression, comparing it to the language of hippies decades ago.
"Language is merely an expression of experience," said Joel Baylon, who heads the Catholic Bishop's Conference of the Philippines' commission on youth. What is more important are the values behind the language."
That has been the question on everybody's mind ever since a picture of presidential aspirant Gilbert Teodoro holding a sign declaring that he would send all jejemons back to elementary school started circulating on Facebook, Twitter, and Tumblr.
But even before making its debut on Urban Dictionary, the word "jejemon'' has been making sporadic appearances elsewhere on the web. On Pinoy Tumblr, for instance, "jejemon" appeared on a post made on April 14 about vice-presidential candidate Jejomar Binay -- complete with a fake campaign poster calling him "Jejemon Binay".
It makes an even earlier appearance on the My Ragnarok Online Forum. In a post that went up on March 14 entitled "Jejemon ka ba?", user Deviluke points out that most jejemon wear baggy clothes and sport jejecaps - rainbow caps usually worn backwards and just placed on top of one's head.
Artuji.com points out that "jeje" enjoys popular usage among Spanish-speaking countries as a word to denote laughter. "Jejemon" sprung from its combination with the subculture spawned by popular Asian anime, "Pokemon".
NEW POP PHENOMENON
Administrators and members of Gotta Kill 'Em All, Jejemon seem to agree that the term "jejemon" was first coined a month ago, but the behavior attributed to jejemon was around for much longer.
"This kind of typing started when text messaging became famous and they used it to shorten long text messages," says Kahel, one of the administrators of Gotta Kill 'Em All, Jejemon.
"I first encountered them in high school. Mobile messaging was the newest and hottest technological trend then," says 24-year-old quality analyst Aldrin Fauni-Tanos. "Like dinosaurs, their existence preceded their discovery and categorization."
The initial reaction to jejemon talk was the same across the board - irritation and bewilderment.
"I am shocked that they text like that because I really can't understand the messages. I just had to accept the fact that some people have 'skills' to make language oh so despicable," recalls 19-year-old Nheigeio Balatbat, also an administrator of Gotta Kill 'Em All, Jejemon.
But how does one exactly become a jejemon?
It starts with the slippery slope of text messaging.
Fourteen-year-old Zee Puerto is an incoming high school student and is also an administrator of Gotta Kill 'Em All, Jejemon. Unlike the other administrators, Puerto has a much more intimate connection with the jejemons that the group is so vehemently against.
"I was one of them way back. Texting was one of the most important media that made an impact on jejemons. When my friends started to text like that, they also influenced me. I started typing like them, like using 'x' instead of 's'," he admits. "But when they started to use extra letters it began to annoy me."
For others, it is just a style, comparing it to "leet speak", a globally accepted form of writing that is used by the intellectual geek community.
"Style lang, parang sa Jose, 'H' 'yung pagbasa sa 'J'. Parang leet speak. Ewan ko kung bakit ngayon lang lumabas ang mga haters," explains 14-year-old student Jella Mella, who texts like a jejemon but refuses to be called one. "Bigay lang ng mga haters ang pangalan na jejemon kasi 'jeje' ang tawa namin."
These jejemons, according to Fauni-Tanos, have nobody to blame but themselves. "A jejemon has no one else to blame but himself," he says. "A lot of people think it is cute. Its successful transmission can be attributed to the fact that idiocy if wrapped in cuteness can appear desirable...to other idiots.''
Since bursting into the public consciousness, hate has been something that jejemons are likely to encounter, online or off the Internet. Mella says that her Facebook wall has encountered its own share of haters who have wished for her death.
"'Bumalik ka na sa planeta niyo, p*******a mong jejemon ka, bakit hindi ka pa mamatay.' May nag-post niyan dati sa wall ko," she shares. "Wala naman kaming ginagawang masama sa kanila. Hindi nila kami kilala, bakit nila kami i-jujudge?"
The excessive amount of vitriol directed at the jejemons has gotten the attention of some celebrities, who decry the hate being directed towards the group. Musician Rico Blanco, for instance, has called for calm on his Twitter account.
"Easy lang friends, di naman naba-badtrip sa inyo mga jejemon pag-umo OMG at lumulurkey kayo. Walang pakialamanan ng trip," he states on a tweet posted on April 23.
Actress Alessandra de Rossi and broadcaster Ces Drilon have also condemned the wholesale ridicule that the group has received.
Even the administrators of the Gotta Kill 'Em All, Jejemon fan page have begun to realize that the energy directed towards embarrassing and humiliating jejemon could be better directed towards more constructive activities.
"I think the hate was overreaction," says Balatbat. "I know of people who join jejemon hate groups just so they can kill time insulting people, but some of the insults and curses cross the line. These people are humans too. So to protect their rights, I and my fellow administrators have decided to have censorship rules on our fan page.''
"Annoyance is natural and expected, but I think hating them is an overreaction. There will always be people who will offend you or annoy you for the things that they do," agrees Fauni-Tanos. "The question is: are they doing this to directly annoy you or is it simply because they do not know any better? I have a feeling that the majority of jejemons simply do not know that 'jejenese' is a poor reflection of their intelligence."
SHOULD DEPED BE ALARMED?
Should English teachers and the Department of Education be concerned about the popularity of jejemons? The online consensus seems to think that they should be.
"Once you become used to a certain way of life, you'll adapt it unconsciously. I've seen a valedictorian use jejetyping and I was disappointed with the grammar in her Friendster account," says Balatbat.
"The problem is that most people lack the will to 'upgrade' their own intelligences. Many Filipinos are fine with mediocrity: having enough of this and that, having enough school and education to survive," adds Fauni-Tanos. "Not too many people want to know more. Thus, most are fine with substandard language as long as it can be understood."
Most agree that simply making jejemons aware of their actions will be enough to put them off.
"Jejemons and jejemon-friends need to be informed that their language is more of a barrier than a medium. It takes too much effort to read, and I doubt if it is actually easier to compose than a phrase in standard Filipino or English," explains Fauni-Tanos.
Effects of Jejemon
Good Effects of Jejemon
Gives pleasure to a social group. Jejemons became a tribe, so if you are one of them, you tend to enjoy like them. I cant object and Im not against them but I know every gang or sorority brings pleasure to anyone in a way he feels he belongs
Secret codes. If youre a Jejemon, you definitely know how to speak and how to communicate with them. Only you and your folks can understand each other pretty well. So maybe, in times of secrecy, you can converse using your special terms.
The feeling of freedom. If youre a proud Jejemon, it also means you dont care about anti-Jejemon critics. Its a sign that you are liberated from what others would think.
Bad Effects of Jejemon
You forget your main language. Whatever it is, English or Filipino, if youre a Jejemon, you always speak with it, so you get used to it. Your other dialects are set aside. Oftentimes, it will let you forget the right spelling or grammar in English or Filipino.
Jologs status. (Ok Jejemons dont freak out) Jologs, just like Jejemon, is a term used to denote low class group who are majority from the province towns, often times termed as tambay Jologs is a label of no-care to the world of etiquette or whatever is prim and proper for that matter.
Outcast. Jejemons unfortunately are not widely accepted in the nation so if someone sort of suspects hes talking to one, he wont talk with him again or be a friend with him. A perfect example would be what Ive read from a site that says, OMG youre a Jejemon! Bye! Because of it, Jejemon has been a big social issue.
Difficult to read. All would agree its freaking hard to read Jejemon words.